孟德斯鸠(专制主义的意义)

at 3年前  ca 论法的精神经典语录  pv 1474  by 名著  

The same Subject continued. 

     Let us not look for magnanimity in despotic governments; the prince cannot impart a greatness which he has not himself; with him there is no such thing as glory.

     It is in monarchies that we behold the subjects encircling the throne, and cheered by the irradiancy of the sovereign; there it is that each person filling, as it were, a larger space, is capable of exercising those virtues which adorn the soul, not with independence, but with true dignity and greatness.

在君主国里,我们可以看到臣民们簇拥着君王,享受其光照的温暖。可以说每个人都有较大的空间去锻炼品德,这些品德给予他们的并不是独立,而是伟大。

An Idea of Despotic Power. 

    When the savages of Louisiana are desirous of fruit, they cut the tree to the root, and gather the fruit.This is an emblem of despotic government.

路易斯安纳的野蛮人想要果子时,便把果树连根砍倒,采摘果实。这就是专制政体的寓意。 


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