论法的精神 (教育法的目标)

at 4年前  ca 论法的精神经典语录  pv 1058  by 名著  

The laws of education are the first impressions we receive; and as they prepare us for civil life, every private family ought to be governed by the plan of that great household which comprehends them all.

Comprehend:包含

教育法是我们最初接受并被影响的法,因为这些法律是我们适应社会生活的必要准备,使个体成为国家计划的一部分。所以,每个小家庭都应该接受大家庭的指导,毕竟这个大家庭是由所有的小家庭所组成的。

 

If the people in general have a principle, their constituent parts, that is, the several families, will have one also. The laws of education will be therefore different in each species of government: in monarchies they will have honour for their object; in republics, virtue; in despotic governments, fear.

如果国家整体崇尚某个原则的话,那么作为社会的基本单元的小家庭也应受这个原则的影响。因此,教育的法律在各种政体组织形式中也有所区别。在君主政体中,教育的法律应该以教导人民追求荣誉为目标;在共和政体中,则应该是品德;在专制政体中就是恐惧了。


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