论法的精神 （ 这些奇特的法制适用于何处）
at 4年前 ca 论法的精神经典语录 pv 1082 by 名著
In what Cases these singular Institutions may be of Service.
Institutions of this kind may be proper in republics, because they have virtue for their principle; 【政治品德是共和国的原则】but to excite men to honour in monarchies, or to inspire fear in despotic governments, less trouble is necessary.
Besides, they can take place but in a small state,10 in which there is a possibility of general education, and of training up the body of the people like a single family. 【general education：普遍的教育。】【像培养一个家庭中的孩子一样培养全体人民】
The laws of Minos, of Lycurgus, and of Plato suppose a particular attention and care, which the citizens ought to have over one another's conduct. But an attention of this kind cannot be expected in the confusion and multitude of affairs in which a large nation is entangled.【Minos：希腊神话中，米诺斯是克里特之王，宙斯与欧罗巴之子。米诺斯文明又被称作克里特文明。统治期间，使克里特成为富庶发达的文明。以严明的法治而著称于世，因其在位时公正严明，死后成为冥府的判官。particular attention and care：相互关照。Entangle：纠缠。】
In institutions of this kind, money, as we have above observed, must be banished. But in great societies, the multiplicity, variety, embarrassment, and importance of affairs, as well as the facility of purchasing, and the slowness of exchange, require a common measure. 【繁多、棘手而要紧的事务】
In order to support or extend our power, we must be possessed of the means to which, by the unanimous consent of mankind, this power is annexed. 【unanimous：一致同意的。annex：并吞，占领】